The two greek works endo and odont make up endodontics. ‘Endo’ meaning roots and ‘odont’ meaning tooth. Endodontics is a ‘dental specialty’ in dentistry.
The pulp is the root or inner part of the tooth. It houses the nerves, arterioles, lymphatic tissues, venules and fibrous tissues of the tooth.
Endodontics is the study, practice and management of dental pulp. It also involves the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, treatment and injuries of the dental pulp with associated periarticular conditions of the dental system.
The above is the typical role and responsibility of an endodontist, but endodontics is far more than this.
In clinical settings, endodontics also preserves parts or all of the dental pulp health, removes all pulp when it is has been irreversibly diseased and also treats the pulp when it has reversible disease condition.
The endodontist handles teeth with irreversible-inflamed and infected pulp. Preserves teeth that have failed to respond to non-surgical endodontic procedure also offer high-end treatments when a dental pulp is present.
Endodontics also manages teeth that have developed new lesions, such as in cases seen in where root canal retreatment is required or when periarticular surgery is needed.
Endodontic treatment is one of the most commonly sort-out dental procedure. When the pulp which contains the venules, nerves, arterioles, lymphatic tissue and fibrous tissue is injured or diseased, an endodontic treatment becomes the best/first line of action to save the tooth from total damage. Endodontic treatment also prevents complications from happening. Without the professional service of endodontists, such pulp disease can infect the nearby organs like nose, eyes or even the brain leading to a severe life-threatening condition.
In dental settings, endodontic treatments offer one-end-solutions to all diseases and injuries involving the pulp (the inner part of the teeth).